Sarcoporia polyspora P. Karst

Basidiomycota: Agaricomycotina: Agaricomycetes: Polyporales: Polyporaceae: SarcoporiaMycoBank symbolIndex Fungorum symbol

Introduction

Sarcoporia polyspora is an effused-reflexed, poroid crust that produces brown rot on downed conifer and hardwood logs. Macroscopically, it is characterized by a soft, cream-colored hymenophore that bruises reddish brown over a few minutes. Under the microscope, its dextrinoid spores separate it definitevely from lookalikes such as Postia spp. Sarcoporia polyspora is considered very rare in Europe and South America, but more common here in North America (Baldoni et al. 2015, Vlasák et al. 2015, Vlasák and Kout 2010). Despite its broad range and widespread occurrence in Northeastern North America, this specimen is only the second reported from Michigan, the first having been collected in 1911 by mycologist Calvin Henry Kauffman (MyCoPortal Map, accessed December 15, 2020).

Thank you to Alice Hill, an undergraduate student in the Univeristy of Michigan 2020 fungal biology course, for finding and documenting Sarcoporia polyspora and preserving her collection for the MICH fungarium.

Description

Ecology: Growing on the underside of a decorticated rotting log in a hardwood forest clearing; primarily reported on conifers.

Basidiocarp: Effused-reflexed, poroid, cream-colored, bruising reddish brown over a few minutes with up to four pores per mm; very moist and soft when fresh, brittle when dry, breaking with the appearance of fiberglass; the context contains a gelatinous layer, which is useful for identification in the field, and is seen as thick darker layering in the dried basidioma; margin fimbriate.

Chemical reactions: NA

Spore print: NA

Hyphal system: Monomitic, all septa with clamps; subhymenial hyphae width (3) 3.2–4 (4.3) µm (n = 10); larger gloeopleurous (gelatinous) hyphae observed, staining darker than other hyphae with phloxine, but individuals difficult to make out.

Basidia: Clavate, sometimes appearing constricted, with four sterigmata; length (9) 9.8–16.3 (19) µm, width (3.8) 4.1–5.4 (6.1) µm, x̄ = 13 ✕ 4.7 µm (n = 10).

Basidiospores: Cylindrical to narrowly cylindrical, smooth, dextrinoid, weakly to moderately cyanophilic depending on focal plane, thin-walled to somewhat thick-walled, filled with lava lamp-like lipid globules that are yellowish green in KOH and phloxine; length (5) 5.2–6.1 (6.6) µm, width (2.4) 2.5–3.1 (3.4) µm, x̄ = 5.7 ✕ 2.8 µm, Q (1.7) 1.8-2.3 (2.5), x̄ = 2.1 (n = 30).

Sterile structures: None.

Sequences: ITS rDNA (unpublished).

Notes: All structures measured in 5% KOH stained with phloxine B.

Specimens Analyzed

ARH06, iNat59990981; 18 September 2020; Angell, Ann Arbor, Washtenaw Co., MI, USA, 42.2792 -83.7220; leg. Alice Hill, det. Alden Dirks, ref. ITS rDNA; University of Michigan Fungarium ——.

References

Baldoni, D. B., Ortiz-Santana, B., Coelho, G., Antoniolli, Z. I., & Jacques, R. J. S. (2015). Sarcoporia polyspora (Basidiomycota, Polyporales): A rare wood-decay fungus newly recorded from South America. Nova Hedwigia, 100(1–2), 177–187.

Vlasák, J., & Kout, J. (2010). Sarcoporia polyspora and Jahnoporus hirtus: Two rare polypores collected in South Bohemia, Czech Republic. Czech Mycology, 61(2), 187–195.

Vlasák, J., Vlasák Jr., J., Kinnunen, J., & Spirin, V. (2015). Geographic distribution of Sarcoporia polyspora and S. longitubulata sp. nov. Mycotaxon, 130(January-March), 279–287.

Links

GBIF

iNaturalist

Mushroom Observer

MyCoPortal

MycoQuébec

Sarcoporia polyspora sidebar image 2 - basidioma of Sarcoporia polyspora

Basidioma of Sarcoporia polyspora. Photo by Alice Hill.

Sarcoporia polyspora sidebar image 3 - reddish brown bruising of Sarcoporia polyspora

The cream-colored crust bruised reddish brown over a few minutes. Photo by Alice Hill.

Sarcoporia polyspora sidebar image 4 - close up of pore surface of Sarcoporia polyspora

A closer look at the pore surface. Photo by Alice Hill.

Sarcoporia polyspora sidebar image 5- interior of Sarcoporia polyspora

Layer of gelatinous hyphae in the dried basidioma.

Sarcoporia polyspora sidebar image 6 - generative hyphae of Sarcoporia polyspora

Generative hyphae and clamp connections.

Sarcoporia polyspora sidebar image 7 - basidiospores of Sarcoporia polyspora

Basidiospores in 5% KOH stained with phloxine B.

Sarcoporia polyspora sidebar image 9 - basidiospores of Sarcoporia polyspora

Basidiospores in Melzer's reagent showing a dextrinoid reaction.

Sarcoporia polyspora sidebar image 10

Basidiospores in cotton blue showing a weakly to moderately cyanophilic reaction.

Sarcoporia polyspora sidebar image 11

Basidia.

Sarcoporia polyspora sidebar image 8 - phylogenetic tree of Sarcoporia polyspora

Phylogenetic tree of ITS rDNA sequences from the studied specimen (highlighted) and top 100 BLAST hits of vouchered specimens on GenBank. The sequences were processed with ITSx to remove the flanking SSU and LSU partial sequences, aligned in SeaView with MUSCLE, cleaned up with GBlocks, and made into a tree with RAxML using 100 bootsrap replicates and the GTRGAMMA substitution model. Gloeophyllum sepiarium serves as the outgroup.